Brittney Lofthouse – Contributing Writer
As part of the annual budget discussion for Macon County, local fire departments submit their own individual budgets. Each of the 11 fire districts in Macon County has its own respective fire tax rate and if a department has a budgetary need in any given year, they must request a change to its fire tax rate during the budget process.
Some years, none of the 11 fire districts request a change in their fire tax rates, while other years, multiple departments may have needs and make a request in the same year, which was the case this year when four fire districts requested increases to their fire tax rates.
Addressing questions from Commissioner Paul Higdon regarding why four departments out of 11 are requesting tax rate increases and the other six are able to “make do” a representative with the Otto Fire Department explained that not every department requests increases each year. Prior to the increase for the building Otto made last fiscal year, the department had not received an increase since 2016.
Fire departments in Macon County are primarily manned by volunteers, however, some departments have paid staff who handle the day-to-day operations. For fire districts such as Franklin, which are responsible for a much larger population area, several paid employees are needed to ensure adequate coverage and protection within a district. In addition to money for paid staff members of various departments, fire departments have a minimal payment that volunteers receive per call — on average about $15 for every call to which a volunteer responds. Fire departments also need money for operational expenses such as electricity, rent or mortgage payments on their buildings, gas to operate the fire trucks, necessary equipment, and arguably the most expensive expenditure for a department, the actual trucks required to operate a department.
While community fire departments host fundraisers throughout the year to help cover the cost of operations, the majority of a department’s funding comes from the fire rate tax collected within each respective district on real property items such as homes and vehicles.
In this fiscal year budget, the Franklin Fire District requested a tax rate from .0545 to .07 in order to generate an additional $252,694 annually. Franklin Fire and Rescue Chief Ben Ormand said the increase request is two-fold. Part of the increase would be used to fund three full-time firefighters and the other half to purchase new equipment. Prior to this year’s request, the Franklin Fire & Rescue Department’s tax rate had remained flat since 2017 — when it was increased from .0445 to .0545. Prior to 2017, the department had not received an increase since 2015 when it was increased from .03 to .0445. The department had been at the .3 tax rate since 2009.
To generate an additional $119,609 annually, the Burningtown-Iotla Fire Department requested an increase in the department’s tax rate from .1056 to .1596 during this budget cycle. Prior to this year, Burningtown had not received a tax increase since 2019 when it was increased to .1142 from .1103. Before that, the department’s tax rate was .0867, which it received in 2015 when it was increased from .069. Prior to that dating back to 2009, Burningtown had a tax rate of .059. Fire Chief Mike Shuler told commissioners the increase is needed this year for facility repairs to the department’s main station, built in the 1980s as well as to upgrade equipment and provide salaries to part-time employees.
To generate an additional $75,785 annually, Cullasaja Fire and Rescue is requesting an increase from .0557 to .0720. Cullasaja Fire & Rescue’s last tax rate increase was in 2019 when it was increased from .0537 to .0557. Cullasaja’s .0537 rate was established in 2015 after an increase from the department’s .042, which it had dating back to 2009. According to Jack Baird, Cullasaja Fire and Rescue needs the additional funding is needed to construct a new substation, purchase a new fire truck, and add a new paid firefighter position to the department while also increasing the stipend for paid firefighters.
To generate an additional $95,752 annually, Otto Fire and Rescue requested to increase the department’s tax rate from .1 to .1192. The Otto Fire & Rescue Department’s request was for the second half of the request made last fiscal year. Commissioners approved an increase last year, but it was only half of what the department requested in order to fund a new fire department. Last year’s increase brought Otto’s tax rate from .0684 to .1. Otto received the .0684 tax rate in 2019 — an increase from the .0650 tax rate the department had from 2016 through 2018. The Otto tax rate was .049 in 2013 and 2014 and according to county records was .042 dating back to 2009.
In 2021, Otto Fire & Rescue was the only department to receive a tax rate increase. There were no tax rate increases in 2020, However in 2019 10 of the county’s 11 fire districts received a tax increase, with Franklin Fire & Rescue being the only department that did not receive one. There were no fire tax increases in 2018 for any of the 11 departments. In 2017, Franklin Fire & Rescue and the Burningtown-Iotla Fire Departments were the only two districts to receive a rate increase. Otto Fire & Rescue was the only department to receive an increase in 2016 and in 2015 all 11 districts received an increase. In 2014 two departments, Mountain Valley and Clark’s Chapel received increases, and in 2013, three departments, Otto, Burningtown, and Cowee each received a small increase to their tax rates. Only Mountain Valley received an increase in 2012 and in 2011 only Nantahala received an increase. There were no increases in 2010.
The four departments requesting an increase for the 2022-2023 fiscal year pled their case for their respective tax increases on Tuesday, June 7, during a budget work session with the Macon County Board of Commissioners.
Speaking to Chief Shuler with the Burningtown-Iotla Fire Department, which was the first of the four departments to present to the board, Commissioner Paul Higdon, who lives within the Burningtown District said that he would be voting against all four tax increase requests based on the principle that he doesn’t support increasing taxes in general.
“I can’t personally, and I say this probably every year, I just can’t support tax increases for anything,” said Higdon. “It is time for us to buckle down. I think our role is to lead the direction of publicly funded agencies and that is to learn to live with what you got.”
Commissioners Josh Young and Ronnie Beale noted that the increase Burningtown was requesting would equate to about a 30 percent increase, and considering the economic climate, neither commissioners were comfortable with approving the initial request from Burningtown. Beale motioned to award the fire department half of their request — however, his motion failed to pass. The Board of Commissioners then voted to provide a one-cent tax increase, which would provide an additional $22,152 per year for the department’s operating budget and increase the department’s tax rate to .1156. On a $300,000 house that would mean an additional $35 per year in fire taxes. The one-cent tax increase proposal was preliminarily approved by a vote 3-2 with Young and Higdon voting against it.
Higdon praised the Cullasaja Fire & Rescue Squad for their budget numbers, referencing their cost per call and low tax rate, and assured them while he would not be voting to give them their requested increase, he did appreciate their work. Cullasaja’s increase request will provide an additional $75,785 a year which would be around $57 for a $350,000 home. Commissioner Jim Tate said to be consistent with the stance he took on the Burningtown Fire Department request, he would like to see increases kept to a minimum. According to Macon County Finance Director Lori Hall, a penny increase for Cullasaja would be an additional $46,494 per year. The board approved Cullasaja Fire & Rescue’s full increase request by a vote of 3-2 with Tate and Higdon voting against it.
Tate noted that he fully supported the increase request made by the Franklin Fire Department because the Franklin Town Council first approves that request before commissioners consider it. Commissioners voted to grant the full request made by Franklin Fire by a vote of 4-1 with Higdon voting no.
Young noted that he lives within the Otto Fire District and appreciates the work they have done, which includes responding to multiple fire calls on his property. Commissioner Gary Shields noted that Otto Fire and Rescue’s tax rate increase was largely due to the need for a new building. While the new building would better serve the Otto Fire District, Shields noted that it is also essential to house equipment from broadband providers that are currently partnering with the county to expand broadband services to Otto residents. That project is currently under way and the county has allocated more than $500,000 for it, however, according to Shields, without a new fire department to house the needed equipment, the project would not be possible and those funds would be wasted.
Beale said he would be more comfortable approving a one-cent increase, which would provide around $50,000 in additional revenue to the department. Beale’s motion for a one-cent increase passed by a vote of 3-2 with Young and Higdon voting against it.